12 year old girl presented with broken incisal edge having history of fall 3 years before.clinical examination reveals complicated crown fracture. vitility tests reveals necrotic pulpal status
Question no 1: the objective of incision and drainage are To evacuate exudates and purulence from a soft tissue swelling Incision for drainage increases discomfort Drainage through the soft tissue accomplished most effectively when swelling is firm and non- fluctuant Incision for drainage is always made horizontally into the swelling Incision of drainage speeds up [...]
Radiograph showing radio-opacity associated with distal root of mandibular 1st molar. This bone production is because of reaction to carious infection. Tooth is irreversibly inflamed and treated with endodontic treatment.
It’s one of the painful dental emergency results from extension of bacterial infection from dead pulp into the periapical tissues. Acute Apical Abscess are of Two types Diffuse localized Case 1: Case 2: Localized abscess
Increase exposure to fluoride during tooth formation will lead to dental fluorosis. Normal optimum level of water fluoride is upto 1ppm Increasesd level of fluoride more then 1ppm will cause fluorosis Clinically it appears as white opaque areas to brown discoloration and pitting of enamal In severe cases hypomineralised enamel becomes very fragile [...]
Broken instrument is one of the procedural accidents that occurs during cleaning and shaping of root canal system. Causes of broken instrument in root canal: Improper use of instrument Same instrument used for many times Excessive force applied to file during cleaning and shaping Prevention Lubrication of instrument with irrigating solution such as sodium hypochlorite [...]
Gingivectomy procedure pictures Preoperative picture of patient showing cervical caries extending subgingivally Infiltration anesthesia was given for gingivectomy Incision for removal of soft tissues Incision starting from mesial marginal gingiva to distal marginal gingiva After removal of soft tissue gingiva. subgingiva Caries are visible Removal of caries After removal of all soft caries leaving only [...]
Dental Fistula/ Cutaneous Fistula of Dental Origin/ Suppurative Apical Periodontitis/ Apical Periodontitis With Fistula. Dental fistula is a communication between the oral cavity and cutaneous surface of face It is a squeal of infection from dental pulp that spread beyond the apex Generally it is a painless condition because when drainage occurs, pressure relieves and [...]
23 year old female was referred for dental treatment with the chief complain of pain in mandibular right 1st molar. Clinically the tooth was grossly carious. Periapical radiograph revealed coronal caries involving pulp and periapical radiolucency associated with mesial root of mandibular 1st molar. From the history of pain and examination it was confirmed that [...]
Internal root resorption is inflammatory progressive destruction of intraradicular dentin and dentinal tubules along the middle and apical thirds of canal walls. Internal resorption is very rare clinically entity. More frequently observed in males and most commonly effected teeth were maxillary incisors. The etiology and pathogenesis have not been completely understood but according to some [...]
1. Root treated mandibular 1st molar before final restoration 2. after final restoration with composite filling material.