12 year old girl presented with broken incisal edge having history of fall 3 years before.clinical examination reveals complicated crown fracture. vitility tests reveals necrotic pulpal status Treatment options in Complicated crown root fracture (Case report article in PDF) Archives of Orofacial Sciences (2009), 4(1): 25-28 Management of Horizontal and Multiple Crown-Root Fractures( case report [...]
Question no 1: the objective of incision and drainage are To evacuate exudates and purulence from a soft tissue swelling Incision for drainage increases discomfort Drainage through the soft tissue accomplished most effectively when swelling is firm and non- fluctuant Incision for drainage is always made horizontally into the swelling Incision of drainage speeds up [...]
Radiograph showing radio-opacity associated with distal root of mandibular 1st molar. This bone production is because of reaction to carious infection. Tooth is irreversibly inflamed and treated with endodontic treatment.
It’s one of the painful dental emergency results from extension of bacterial infection from dead pulp into the periapical tissues. Acute Apical Abscess are of Two types Diffuse localized Case 1: Case 2: Localized abscess
Increase exposure to fluoride during tooth formation will lead to dental fluorosis. Normal optimum level of water fluoride is upto 1ppm Increasesd level of fluoride more then 1ppm will cause fluorosis Clinically it appears as white opaque areas to brown discoloration and pitting of enamal In severe cases hypomineralised enamel becomes very fragile [...]